Education is the backbone of any society. Without proper mechanisms of imparting knowledge, an information society is not going anywhere. However, extremely outdated mode of thinking as well as conservativeness and resistance to new approaches along with lack of goodwill in governance is costing the young generation dearly.
Top 10 Ways to Improve Quality of Education
1. Increase Public Spending – One of the major problems of the public schools, universities and colleges is that they do not have enough funds to attract good teachers or buy proper technologies etc. This creates an impediment to growth and development of an educational institution. Unfortunately, under the neoliberal doctrine, we can see a steady decline in the budgetary allocations towards education.
2. Create better infrastructure – Without proper laboratories, it would be nearly impossible to teach professional or even core science subjects. Physics, chemistry, engineering and other such subjects will require laboratory work. Of course, in case of social sciences, the whole society is a laboratory.
3. Encourage inter disciplinary studies – The world is moving towards inter disciplinary mode. This is because it no longer makes sense to only study physics or language or politics. Now, people are looking to study history of science or philosophy of language and similar cross disciplinary subjects, especially at research level.
4. Make pedagogy more practical oriented – One of the reasons why students have often been disinterested in attending classes is because they have felt that education is all about dry theory alone. There must be more stress on practical and on the field experiences which can help understand and apply whatever was learnt in class.
5. Reduce burden of costs – Under the present system, the students have to bear the bulk of costs. This can become quite a concern as many students across the world are often found to be reeling under education loans. This naturally robs from them the potential time they could have spent studying and improving their academic knowledge. The cost bearing has to be shared more by the industry and government.
6. Create tie-ups with industry – The society cannot function without industries. After all, it is the duty of the education system to ensure that the students find suitable employment at the end of their coursework. This will greatly reduce the burden from the shoulders of students. They will no longer have to put up with the mental pressure that comes from the mere thought that jobs may not be available.
7. Constant Evaluation – Our education system is riddled with examinations. This practice has certainly resulted in a dumbing down of the entire structure and student population. They are not evaluated constantly. Instead, they will only be tested at the end of the year and all the year’s hard work can be totally wasted if good marks are not obtained at end of the year exams. Instead, more focus should be there on testing the knowledge and understanding of students through a continuous evaluation paradigm.
8. Lesser Examinations – Most of the educational institutions think that by taking more and more exams, they will be making the students more ready for the market. However, it is important to develop their critical faculties as well. This cannot be done just by making them respond to the vagaries of the market and its insatiable demands. The end result will be pathetic – students will stop learning and start mugging. That is precisely what is happening now and it must stop.
9. No more forced attendance – Students should be given more freedom to choose which classes they wish to attend. It makes no sense to put too much pressure on them by making it mandatory to keep a certain level of attendance. Most importantly, one should be allowed to sit in classes that are not in their syllabus as well. This will help broaden their knowledge horizons.
10. Use of modern technology – In the developing countries, most of the schools and colleges do not have projectors. They have very ill equipped libraries and laboratories. Naturally, this totally acts as a deterrent when it comes to encouraging students to come to the classes. Learning in class can become much more fun when the technological aides are being used. For instance, in a biology class, anatomy of the human body will be understood much better if instead of just offering a monologue in the classroom, the teacher also uses presentations.
Written By: Kisholoy Mukherjee